In its report the Taskforce has recommended a substantially modified version of the Option 3 Bill, together with a range of associated measures and practices. The Taskforce's version of the Bill would:
The report summaries Option 3, referred to above, as
- state, in substantially modified terms, the principles of responsible regulation to be advanced by the Bill, which are designed to accord with and reflect broadly accepted principles of good legislation, incompatibility with which is justified only to the extent that it is reasonable and can be demonstrably justified in a free and democratic society;
- require those proposing and creating legislation to certify whether the legislation is compatible with those principles, and whether any incompatibility is justified;
- provide for a new role for the Courts to make declarations of incompatibility (DoI) with the specified principles of the Bill, but otherwise explicitly exclude any power to make injunctive or compensatory orders on the basis of the Bill’s specified principles;
- require the Courts to interpret legislation consistently with the Bill’s specified principles if possible; and
- require every public entity to use its best endeavours to regularly review all legislation that it administers for compatibility with the principles, and provide for the Minister with responsibility for the Bill to issue guidelines to public entities on criteria to be used and the steps to be taken in ensuring legislation is regularly reviewed.
Option 3, which had only minor modifications from the initial Bill introduced in 2006, would legislate for specified principles of responsible regulatory management, and, in particular, require statements of responsible regulatory management for each proposal for a new Act or regulation, signed off by the relevant Minister, chief executive and control agency (Ministry of Economic Development for regulatory matters, Ministry of Justice – or Solicitor-General – for legal matters).Note that the Taskforce's recommended Regulatory Responsibility Bill is reproduced in full as Part 3 of their report. and a commentary on the specific provisions of the RR Bill is included as Part 4 of the report.
The Taskforce recommends a substantially modified version of the Option 3 Bill, together with a range of associated measures and practices. The Taskforce considered and substantially modified the principles of responsible regulation contained in the Option 3 Bill. The modified Bill continues to require those proposing and creating legislation to certify that the legislation is compatible with those principles, but supplements that procedure with a new power for Courts to declare legislation incompatible with one or more of those principles. This follows United Kingdom precedent,3 and is intended to have a major impact on legislative behaviour both before and subsequent to any Court decisions.
The principles referred to in the preceding discussion, as recommended by the Taskforce, fall within six broad categories:
(a) Rule of law – legislation should be clear and accessible, not adversely affect rights, or impose obligations retrospectively, treat people equally before the law, and resolve issues of legal right and liability by application of law, rather than the exercise of administrative discretion;The question is, How would such a Bill alter the incentives faced by those proposing and creating legislation and what unintended consequences could this have?
(b) Liberties – legislation should not diminish a person’s liberty, personal security, freedom of choice or action, or rights to own, use or dispose of property, except as necessary to provide for any such liberty, freedom or right of another person;
(c) Taking of property – legislation should not take or impair, or authorise the taking or impairment of, property, without the consent of the owner, unless it is necessary in the public interest and full compensation is provided to the owner, such compensation to be provided, to the extent practicable, by or on behalf of the persons who obtain the benefit of the taking or impairment;
(d) Taxes and charges – legislation should not impose, or authorise the imposition of, taxes, except by or under an Act, nor should it impose or authorise charges that exceed the reasonable cost of providing the goods or services, or the benefit that payers are likely to obtain;
(e) Role of Courts – legislation should preserve the Courts’ role of authoritatively determining the meaning of legislation, and where legislation authorises a public entity to make decisions that may adversely affect any person or property, it should state appropriate criteria for making those decisions, and provide a right of appeal on the merits against those decisions to a Court or other independent body;
(f) Good law making – legislation should not be made unless those likely to be affected by the legislation have been consulted and there has been a careful evaluation of the need for legislation to address the issue concerned. Furthermore the benefits of any legislation should outweigh its costs, and any legislation should be the most effective, efficient and proportionate response to the issue available.